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Gum diseases (gingivitis & periodontitis)

Aside from cavities, gum disease is the main oral health problem for adults and the elderly. It is an inflammation of the gums, caused mainly by the accumulation of dental plaque and tartar. Gum disease can affect the bone level that holds teeth in place eventually leading to tooth loss.

In recent years, the relationship between gum disease, heart disease, diabetes and other systemic illnesses have attracted a lot of attention.

Patients with untreated gum disease have a high level of bacteria in their mouths. These bacteria can reach various organs of the body by passing through the blood stream. In addition to the obvious damage that patients notice due to gum disease such as loss of teeth, bad breath with painful and bleeding gums, recent studies have shown that the chronic exposure of the organs to these bacteria can cause serious illnesses in areas of the body that are far from the mouth.

Cause of gum disease

This disease starts with an accumulation of an invisible dental plaque, sticky film of bacteria that builds up on teeth. It is produced by a combination of various bacteria, food particles and saliva. Over time, plaque turns into tartar, a hard, grainy substance that can’t be removed by simply brushing and flossing.

Over time, an infection will take place and will break down the gum tissue that attaches to the teeth. This is called "attachment loss."  At this stage, some gum swelling or bleeding can be noticed. Sometimes even pus can start coming out of the gums.

Along with attachment loss, gum disease causes the bone that holds your teeth in place to break down too. If gum disease is not treated, teeth can become loose and in danger of falling out.

Treatment of gum disease

In its early stage, gum disease is very hard to see. You may not know that you have it. But every time you have a dental hygiene appointment, we look for signs of gum disease.

The best way to deal with gum disease is not to get it in the first place. To protect your oral health:

  1. Brush your teeth at least twice a day
  2. Floss at least once a day
  3. Maintain regular dental visits (minimum 2 times a year) to remove tartar buildup and to maintain your oral health

We deeply care about all our patients, those who have been with us for many years as well as our new ones. We strive to help them establish and maintain a solid foundation for healthy gums. Our team of highly qualified dentists and hygienists are trained to detect gum disease at its earliest stage. Each of our patients have a personalized hygiene plan to address their special needs and help them avoid future problems thanks to a program of daily care.